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The page that is first of enumeration guide has a description of this area covered

6. Places when you look at the census

in the last years the actual quantity of information differs; they might include a summary of roads, and describe the path taken because of the enumerator, however in rural areas the description might merely read ‘The entire associated with parish of …’. From 1891 onwards there are separate parts for a description associated with the boundaries regarding the ED, as well as for a summary of the roads or dwellings included.

7. Details, homes as well as other structures within the census

Exact addresses are not needed in 1841, just ‘place’. From 1851 a precise target had been needed, like the household title or number, if any. Nevertheless, in rural areas the information that is only nevertheless could be the name of this town or parish. Figures when you look at the left-hand column are itinerary figures, and really should never be recognised incorrectly as home figures.

Year a note was made of buildings that were uninhabited, or under construction, in every census. In 1891 and 1901 the true range spaces in a dwelling had been detailed, if fewer than five. In 1911 the true wide range of spaces is shown on all home schedules, along with other info is into the Enumerators’ Overview Books, described in section 5, above.

From 1851 to 1901 a census entry for a brand new home is suggested with a latin brides schedule number that is new. In every census years except 1851 and 1911 the past entry in a building is suggested by way of a dual oblique line //, and where there is certainly one or more home within a building, they have been divided by just one oblique line /. In 1851 a relative line is ruled over the web web web page at the conclusion of the building, or half-way over the page between households inside a building.

Exemplory case of a census kind for vessels. That one ended up being utilized for the 1861 census to record the team for the HMS Beagle (catalogue guide RG 9/1085).

8. Vessels and institutions into the census

Special enumeration publications had been finished for organizations such as for instance workhouses, barracks and hospitals in just about every census 12 months from 1851, including 1911. Special schedules for vessels had been introduced in 1851, although none are recognized to endure from that 12 months, therefore in training 1861 ended up being the year that is first add returns through the Royal Navy and vendor delivery, at ocean as well as in ports in the home and abroad. Because of the problems of gathering enumeration publications from vessels in remote ports, shipping returns will tend to be incomplete.

In 1861 all returns through the Royal Navy and from vendor vessels have reached the final end for the show, but from then on vessels in house ports are detailed by the end associated with districts where these were moored, and just those in foreign waters are grouped together by the end associated with the show.

There are not any records that are surviving Royal Navy vessels in international waters in 1891.

In 1901 Royal Navy vessels in international waters are detailed alphabetically, and there are not any returns for vessels between HMS Amphion and HMS tall Flyer. Nonetheless, a copy that is duplicate of enumeration of HMS Cygnet in 1901 ended up being provided for the overall Register workplace because of the Admiralty and it is contained in RG 19/20.

The finished census kind recording the team regarding the HMS Beagle (catalogue guide RG 9/1085).

1911 had been the census that is first the British Army overseas ended up being enumerated; formerly there is merely a headcount.

9. Typical census terms and abbreviations

In addition to your terms and abbreviations described below, area 5 and part 7 for this guide describe other conventions utilized in the censuses.

Relationships (from 1851)

In practice, the top associated with the home ended up being usually the earliest male, yet not always. Everyone else, whether spouse, son, servant or anybody else, need to have been described in terms of this person, but it was not necessarily adopted accurately. In three-generation families children that are young be shown as ‘son’ or ‘daur’ (child) if they are actually the grandchildren associated with the head. ‘Son (or daughter)-in-law’ can mean a stepchild, along with the wife or husband regarding the head’s very own young ones. A boarder is a person who resides inside the home it is maybe perhaps not a family member or servant, while a lodger just rents an available space or spaces, however these terms in many cases are utilized interchangeably.

Condition (as to marriage)

Mar or M – married

Unm, Un or U – unmarried (replaced by S for solitary from 1891)

Wid or W – widowed

‘Divorced’ wasn’t a formal category, and will not feature into the analytical tables, but does appear occasionally in this line in later census years.

Rank, occupation or occupation

There were particular instructions on recording additional details for many professions; particularly the vocations, the military, public servants and anyone involved with agriculture or production. Often the clerks into the Census Office changed or expanded these definitions to designate them to at least one regarding the groups when you look at the Registrar General’s category of professions for that census 12 months.

They are probably the most typical terms and abbreviations based in the ‘Rank occupation or occupation’ column:

Ag lab – agricultural labourer

Annuitant – living on earnings from assets

Ap or App – apprentice

FS, MS – found in the 1841 census for ‘female servant’ and ‘male servant’

FWK – also in 1841, for ‘framework knitter’ an occupation that is common the East Midlands

Gentleman – Usually denotes some body residing for an earnings from assets, or resigned from company, but doesn’t have formal definition

Ind or Independent – ‘Of independent means’

J – journeyman; an individual who had finished an apprenticeship but had not been a master having company and apprentices of these very own

Pensioner – often means an army pensioner; other styles of pensioner are defined as such, including Greenwich Pensioner (naval pensioner), authorities pensioner an such like. Senior years retirement benefits had been introduced in 1908, therefore the term age that is‘old’ seems the very first time in 1911

10. Why can’t we find my ancestor into the census?

there are lots of reasons that explain why you may perhaps not find someone within the census. Study our blog post ‘Missing through the census?’ or view our webinar, additionally called ‘Missing through the census?’, to realize exactly just just how information could be missed or changed, along with to understand strategies for more successful researching.

There are several pages lacking from all censuses, but 1861 has suffered many.

Lacking from 1861 census

You may use The nationwide Archives catalogue to discover which parishes or districts are known to be lacking through the 1861 census. Utilize the keyword ‘missing’ to search within series RG 9 inside our catalogue. You may recognize pages that are considered to be lacking within some enumeration districts using the phrase that is exact pages’ within RG 9.

Lacking from 1841 census: Wrexham

The 1841 census returns when it comes to entire enrollment region of Wrexham, Denbighshire, had been considered to be lacking. But, the initial enumeration publications for the city of Wrexham had been found in a bookshop, and are also now deposited within the Denbighshire Archives. an indexed transcript has been published because of the Clwyd genealogy and family history Society, and a duplicate is present during the National Archives.

Lacking off their censuses

As with all the 1861 census, you need to use our catalogue to locate the record show for almost any other census 12 months to discover more regarding entire parishes or districts which are considered to be lacking, but when compared with 1861 there was less information about odd pages that are missing. Use section 11 to ascertain which National Archives record series to search within and search with the term ‘missing’.

For lots more assistance with how exactly to search our catalogue, study Discovery search assistance.